The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) has been successfully integrated on- board NOAA’s Joint Polar Satellite System-1 (JPSS-1) satellite. The VIIRS instrument, built by the Raytheon Company in El Segundo, California, is the third instrument to be integrated on the spacecraft by Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. in Boulder, Colorado. JPSS-1 is the next polar-orbiting NOAA satellite in the JPSS series and is scheduled to launch in 2017.
This is the second VIIRS instrument built for satellites in the JPSS constellation. The first VIIRS instrument is currently flying on-board the NOAA/NASA Suomi NPP satellite. VIIRS collects visible and infrared imagery to provide global observations of land, atmosphere, cryosphere, and oceans and to generate many critical environmental products for monitoring hurricanes, snow, sea ice, clouds, fog, aerosols, fire, volcanic ash, smoke plumes, dust, sea surface temperature, vegetation health, phytoplankton abundance, and chlorophyll.
“VIIRS data from Suomi NPP generates products for the operational weather community that improves weather, flooding, and storm forecasting abilities, which help to protect life and property,” said Harry Cikanek, JPSS Program Director. “The JPSS-1 mission, launching in 2017, will ensure the continuity of these valuable operational products.”
VIIRS features continuous multi-band high resolution imaging capabilities, which can be used alone or with observations from other sensors. VIIRS includes a unique detector for visible imagery at night, called the Day/Night Band, giving forecasters the ability to monitor weather and environmental features around the clock, which is essential for Alaska during the winter months. VIIRS extends high performance imagery, introduced by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), and greatly improves upon the series of measurements initiated by the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR), and the Operational Linescan System (OLS).
VIIRS has better spatial resolution, more channels and a larger swath as compared to legacy imagers. This represents twice the coverage of its predecessors and a substantial improvement for ocean ecology and carbon research studies, as well as for establishing accurate estimates of sea surface temperature which are essential for predicting hurricanes and other types of severe weather.
These capabilities allow forecasters to better assess and calculate environmental parameters important to weather forecasting such as cloud cover that they may not otherwise accurately detect using other instruments. Cloud cover is important for numerical weather prediction accuracy and many other forecast uses.
VIIRS data aids in forecasting sea ice and ocean nutrients, helping maritime and commercial fishing industries by further improving vessel routing and making fishery management more efficient. VIIRS also benefits the agricultural industry through fire monitoring and vegetation index—along with weather warnings—which are critical to yields.
JPSS represents significant technological and scientific advances in environmental monitoring and will help advance weather, climate, environmental and oceanographic forecasting and monitoring with greater accuracy. JPSS delivers key observations for the Nation's essential products and services, including forecasting severe weather like hurricanes, tornadoes, and blizzards days in advance, and assessing environmental hazards such as, droughts, forest fires, poor air quality and harmful coastal waters, helping to secure a more ‘Weather-Ready Nation.
JPSS enables forecasters and scientists to monitor and predict weather patterns with greater accuracy and to study long-term climate trends by extending the more than 30-year satellite data record. NOAA is responsible for managing and operating the JPSS program, while NASA is responsible for developing and building the JPSS instruments, spacecraft, and ground system.
Click here to learn more about JPSS and the VIIRS instrument.